Cerezyme is the ONLY ERT (enzyme replacement therapy) that hasshown long-term efficacy and safety in multiple studies over 10 years and has been prescribed for over 20 years.1-3
Gaucher disease causes the accumulation of GL-1 in tissue macrophages. This build-up affects key organs, including the spleen, liver, and bone marrow.1,4
Under normal conditions, β-glucocerebrosidase plays an essential role in glycolipid metabolism by cleaving GL-1 via hydrolysis within the lysosomes of macrophages.5
Cerezyme is an analog of the human enzyme β-glucocerebrosidase (also called acid β-glucosidase). Cerezyme reduces the accumulation of GL-1 by cleaving the substrate into glucose and ceramide.1,5
Cerezyme® (imiglucerase for injection) is indicated for long-term enzyme replacement therapy for pediatric and adult patients with a confirmed diagnosis of Type 1 Gaucher disease that results in one or more of the following conditions:
Approximately 15% of patients have developed IgG antibodies to Cerezyme during the first year of therapy. Approximately 46% of patients with detectable IgG antibodies experienced symptoms of hypersensitivity, and these patients have a higher risk of hypersensitivity. It is suggested that patients be monitored periodically for IgG antibody formation during the first year of treatment.
Hypersensitivity has also been observed in patients without detectable IgG antibodies. Symptoms suggestive of hypersensitivity have been noted in approximately 6.6% of all patients, and anaphylactoid reactions in less than 1%. Treatment with Cerezyme should be approached with caution in patients who have exhibited hypersensitivity symptoms such as pruritus, flushing, urticarial, angioedema, chest discomfort, dyspnea, coughing, cyanosis, and hypotension. Pre-treatment with antihistamines and/or corticosteroids and a reduced rate of infusion may allow continued treatment in most patients.
In less than 1% of patients, pulmonary hypertension and pneumonia have been observed during treatment with Cerezyme. These are known complications of Gaucher disease regardless of treatment. Patients with respiratory symptoms in the absence of fever should be evaluated for the presence of pulmonary hypertension.
Approximately 13.8% of patients have experienced adverse events related to treatment with Cerezyme. Some of these are injection site reactions such as discomfort, pruritus, burning, swelling or sterile abscess at the site of venipuncture. Additional adverse reactions that have been reported include nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, rash, fatigue, headache, fever, dizziness, chills, backache, and tachycardia. Transient peripheral edema has also been reported for this therapeutic class of drug.
To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Sanofi Genzyme Medical Information at 1-800-745-4447, Option 2.
Please see Full Prescribing Information (PDF).